Urinalysis Question Bank

0%
0 votes, 0 avg
5

GOOD LUCK

WELL DONE


Created by quizshell

Urinalysis

Urinalysis Question Bank

1 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

1. Which abnormal crystals have a rosettes appearance, colorless to yellow in color and often seen in hereditary diseases that affect amino acid metabolism ?

2 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

2. Which of the following protein is associated with multiple myeloma ? 

3 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

3. Which part of the nephron is the final site for water reabsorption? 

4 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

4. Which hormone controls the reabsorption of water in distal convoluted tubules?

5 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

5. Which type of crystal is often described as a “coffin lid”?

6 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

6. Increased fecal fat (>60 droplets) is suggestive of which disorder?

7 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

7. Which cells are seen in multiple sclerosis ?

8 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

8. A hormone secreted in juxtaglomerular apparatus of the kidneys that catalyzes the conversion of angiotensinogen to angiotensin I is called ?

9 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

9. Which renal disorder is characterized by the thickening of the glomerular capillary walls and presents with hematuria and proteinuria? 

10 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

10. Which crystal is associated with cystinuria and renal calculi formation ? 

11 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

11. An Inflammation of the renal interstitium; characterized by hematuria, proteinuria, and presence of WBC casts is? 

12 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

12. A renal disorder often seen in children and young adults following a Group A Streptococcus respiratory infection and characterized by inflammation of the glomerulus, increased white blood cells, hematuria, and proteinuria ? 

13 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

13. “Hemoglobinuria” is a term used to describe a urine specimen with ? 

14 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

14. What magnification should be used to report casts and crystals ?

15 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

15. Which crystals are associated with renal calculi formation ?

16 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

16. Nitrite in a urine specimen suggests the presence of ? 

17 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

17. Presence of ketone in the urine is indicative of ? 

18 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

18.  Which of the following is a characteristic of an exudate effusion ? 

19 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

19.  Which genetic disorder is characterized by accumulation of homogentisic acid in blood and urine ?

20 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

20. A sperm count of less than 10 million/mL is indicative of ?

21 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

21. Which urine specimen is the preferred collection method for bacterial culture?

22 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

22. Which of the following can be easily mistaken as red blood cells in the urine ?

23 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

23. What is the fluid in an abdomen called ?

24 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

24. Which of the following is an abnormal sperm form ?

25 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

25. The nephron comprises of ? 

26 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

26. The confirmatory test for bilirubin is ?

27 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

27.  A term used to describe urine with a fixed specific gravity (1.010) ?

28 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

28. In a healthy kidney, which of the following molecules will remain in the arterioles and will not pass through the glomerular capillary walls ? 

29 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

29. Which of the following inorganic substance have the lowest concentration in a urine ? 

30 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

30. A squamous epithelial cell coated with Gardnerella vaginalis and often seen in bacterial vaginosis is called ?

31 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

31. Pale-colored stools, increased conjugated bilirubin in plasma and normal urine urobilinogen is indicative of ?

32 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

32.  Patients with diabetes insipidus tend to produce urine in?

33 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

33. What are the order of collection for Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)samples?

34 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

34. Presence of Leukocytes in the urine is indicative of ?

35 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

35. An increased urine output at night is ? 

36 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

36.  Which of the following is a characteristic of a transudate effusion?

37 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

37. What is the principle used for protein analysis based upon?

38 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

38. A positive nitrite is indicative of ?

39 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

39. A term used to describe urine with a  specific gravity of less than 1.010? 

40 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

40. Which organ regulates acid-base balance of the body ? 

41 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

41. A colorless, highly refractile with cracks on the sides and associated with chronic renal failure is best identified as.

42 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

42. What is the expected pH range of a urine specimen?

43 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

43. A protein produced by the kidneys to stimulate red blood cell production in response to low oxygen levels ? 

44 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

44. Which of the following organic substance accounts for 50% of all dissolved solids in urine ? 

45 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

45. Presence of protein in urine is diagnostic of ? 

46 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

46. What is the byproduct of heme metabolism?

47 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

47. Which of the following specific gravity value indicates loss of concentrating and diluting ability of the kidney ? 

48 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

48. A term used to describe increased white blood cells in urine is ?

49 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

49. A ribbon-like stool is indicative of ?

50 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

50. Where does water reabsorption occur ? 

51 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

51. The functional unit of the kidney is ?

52 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

52. The confirmatory test for ketone is ? 

53 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

53. A Black (tarry) stool is indicative of ?

54 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

54. Which of the following renal infection is caused by urinary tract infection and presents with hematuria, increased WBC, proteinuria with the presence of bacteria, and bacterial casts?

55 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

55. A term used to describe urine with a specific gravity of greater than 1.010 ?

56 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

56. Which part of the kidney is responsible for most reabsorption and secretion in the tubules ?

57 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

57. Which of the following is the major organic substance found in urine ?

58 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

58. A normal urine clarity should be ?

59 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

59. A term used for bulky, foul-smelling, greasy stools caused by malabsorption of fat is called ?

60 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

60. Which abnormal crystals have concentric circles, radial striations, yellow in color and often seen in hereditary diseases that affect amino acid metabolism?

61 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

61.   A clay-colored stool is indicative of ?

62 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

62. The process by which a substance from the blood is transported across the wall of the tubule into the filtrate is called ?

63 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

63. Which crystals have a needle appearance, yellow in color and often seen in liver disease?

64 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

64. Which of the following when present in urine is indicative of nephrotic syndrome ?

65 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

65. What is the expected pH range of a urine specimen?  

66 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

66.  Which disorder is associated with a mousy urine odor ?

67 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

67. Which renal disorder is characterized by proteinuria (>3.5 g/24 hr), hematuria, lipuria, presence of waxy casts, oval fat bodies, and renal tubular epithelial cells ? 

68 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

68. Which urine specimen is the most desirable specimen for creatinine clearance tests?

69 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

69. Which urine specimen is the most desirable specimen for creatinine clearance tests ?

70 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

70. Which urine specimen is the most desirable specimen for quantifying sodium analyte?

71 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

71. Which urine specimen will have a high specific gravity ?

72 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

72. Which urine crystal has envelope-shaped appearance ?

73 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

73. Inflammation of the intestinal wall is called ?

74 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

74. Which type of bilirubin is water soluble and excreted in urine ?

75 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

75. Which of the following can cause a specific gravity of > 1.035

76 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

76. Which region of the kidney contains the loops of Henle and the collecting ducts located ? 

77 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

77. Which substance is responsible for the yellow color of urine?  

78 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

78. Which cells are increased in viral and fungal meningitis ?

79 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

79. Which crystals are seen ethylene glycol (antifreeze) poisoning ?

80 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

80. Conjugated bilirubin is reduced to urobilinogen by a bacterial action in ?

81 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

81. A hormone made in the parathyroid glands that promote calcium reabsorption from the filtrate and excretion of phosphate ions from the blood into the filtrate is called ? 

82 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

82. “Isosthenuria” is a term applied to a urine specimen that exhibits ?

83 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

83.  Which of the following is characteristic of an exudate effusion ? 

84 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

84. A clear, flat rectangular plate with notched corners and commonly seen following refrigeration is best identified as?

85 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

85. Which compound is responsible for the brown color of feces ?

86 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

86. “Hematuria” is a term used to describe a urine specimen with ?

87 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

87. Which of the following crystal is seen in gout ?

88 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

88. A term used to describe presence of glucose in urine is ? 

89 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

89. “Glitter cell” is a term used to describe a specific type ?

90 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

90. Which of the following diseases can cause polyuria ? 

91 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

91. Which term is used to describe failure of the kidney to produce urine due to kidney damage or renal failure ?

92 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

92. Which of the following substance is used to assess glomerular filtration rate ? 

93 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

93. Which of the following will cause a false negative bilirubin result ?

94 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

94. Which of the following should be suspected when yellow foam forms after urine is shaken ? 

95 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

95. Where is bilirubin conjugated with glucuronic acid to form bilirubin diglucuronide ?

96 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

96. Which of the following gives synovial fluid its unique viscosity ?

97 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

97. What is the normal pH range of seminal fluid ?

98 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

98. An inherited metabolic disorder named for the characteristic maple syrup smell is?

99 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

99. Where does sodium reabsorption occur ?

100 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

100. What are the two main regions of the kidneys ?

101 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

101. Which of the following inorganic substances have the highest concentration in urine ?  

102 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

102. What is the confirmatory test for galactose ?

103 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

103. What magnification should be used to report RBCs and WBCs ?

104 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

104. Which condition is associated with sweet or fruity urine odor ?

105 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

105. A red stool is indicative of ?

106 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

106. Which cells are increased in bacterial meningitis ?

107 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

107. Which cell is seen in the urine of patients with drug-induced nephritis or renal transplant rejection? 

108 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

108. Guthrie bacterial inhibition is a screening test for ?

109 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

109. Which term is used to describe a urine output less than 400mL excreted over a 24-hour period ?

110 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

110. Which of the following tests is used for early detection of colorectal cancer ?

111 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

111.  Which of the following is a characteristic of a transudate effusion ? 

112 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

112. Refrigerating urine sample will cause precipitation of ? 

113 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

113. What is the byproduct of bilirubin reduction ?

114 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

114.  The estimation of hyaluronic acid concentration by measurement of viscosity is useful in evaluating which type of fluid ?  

115 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

115. What is the fluid in a joint called ?

116 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

116. Which of the following crystals is associated with Lesch-Nyhan syndrome ? 

117 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

117. Which hormone controls the reabsorption of sodium from the filtrate and the secretion of potassium and hydrogen into the filtrate? 

118 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

118. Where are the renal corpuscles,  proximal and distal convoluted tubules located?

119 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

119. Which arteriole carries blood into the glomerulus ? 

120 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

120. The estimation of hyaluronic acid concentration by measurement of viscosity is useful in evaluating which type of fluid ? 

121 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

121. What is the major constituent of casts ?

122 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

122. Which urine specimen is the most desirable specimen for pregnancy tests? 

123 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

123. Which of the following tests is used to confirm the presence of Cryptococcus neoformans in cerebrospinal fluid ?

124 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

124. Which term is defined as a urine volume more than 2000 mL excreted over a 24-hour period ?  

125 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

125. Which type of bilirubin is insoluble in water and cannot be excreted in urine?

126 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

126. Which of the following organic substances can be found in urine ? 

127 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

127. Which urine specimen is the most desirable specimen for pregnancy tests?

128 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

128. Which of the following changes occurs in unpreserved urine include ? 

129 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

129. Which of the following changes occurs in unpreserved urine include ? 

130 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

130.  Which of the following is a characteristic of a transudate effusion? 

131 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

131. A tuft of capillaries that filters the blood is ?

132 / 132

Category: Urinalysis

132. The specific gravity of a normal urine is ? 

Your score is

0%

Leave a Reply

Shopping Cart
%d bloggers like this: