Electrolyte and Osmolality Quiz

The major anions in the body are chloride, bicarbonate, phosphate, sulfate, organic acids, and protein. This quiz will cover cations, anions, osmolal gap, sodium, potassium, calcium, Vitamin D, and ion-selective electrodes (ISEs).

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Electrolytes Quiz

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1. What is the measure of the number of dissolved particles in solution expressed as osmoles per kilogram of water?

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2. What hormone increases osmolality?

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3. Which of the following ion is an anion 

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4. What are negatively charged ions called?

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5. Which of the following ion is a cation 

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6. What are positively charged ions called?

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7. What is normal osmolal gap?

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8. Which ions is the major cation of intracellular fluid?

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9. Which of the following condition will cause hyponatremia?

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10. What is the normal range of sodium?

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11. Which ions is the major cation of extracellular fluid?

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12. The serum concentration of electrolytes is quantified using

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13. Which of the following electrolyte is an important buffer system of blood?

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14. Which ions is the major anion of extracellular fluid?

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15. Which analyte will be falsely elevated due to hemolysis?

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16. In metabolic alkalosis, bicarbonate is

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17. What vitamin helps regulate calcium?

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18. What hormone helps regulate calcium?

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19. Which of the following helps regulate calcium?

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20. Which substance is released when serum calcium level increases?

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21. What hormone helps regulate Phosphorus?

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22. Which of the following conditions causes Hypocalcemia?

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Quiz Preview

the measure of the number of dissolved particles in solution expressed as osmoles per kilogram of water?

Osmolality 

What is the difference between the measured and calculated osmolality called?

Osmolal gap  

The serum concentration of electrolytes is quantified using

  ion-selective electrodes (ISEs)

Which analyte will be falsely elevated due to hemolysis?

 Potassium

What vitamin helps regulate calcium?

Vitamin D

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