The Kidney

29 Multiple Choice Questions

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The Kidney

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Category: Urinalysis

1. Which of the following organic substances can be found in urine ? 

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Category: Urinalysis

2. What is the expected pH range of a urine specimen?

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Category: Urinalysis

3. The nephron comprises of ? 

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Category: Urinalysis

4. Which of the following diseases can cause polyuria? 

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Category: Urinalysis

5. A protein produced by the kidneys to stimulate red blood cell production in response to low oxygen levels ? 

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Category: Urinalysis

6. Which region of the kidney contains the loops of Henle and the collecting ducts located ? 

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Category: Urinalysis

7. Which term is defined as a urine volume more than 2000 mL excreted over a 24-hour period?

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Category: Urinalysis

8. A tuft of capillaries that filters the blood is ?

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Category: Urinalysis

9. Which hormone controls the reabsorption of sodium from the filtrate and the secretion of potassium and hydrogen into the filtrate? 

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Category: Urinalysis

10. The functional unit of the kidney is?

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Category: Urinalysis

11. An increased urine output at night is?

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Category: Urinalysis

12. Which of the following organic substances can be found in a urine?

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Category: Urinalysis

13. Which of the following is the major organic substance found in urine? 

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Category: Urinalysis

14. Where does water reabsorption occur ? 

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Category: Urinalysis

15. A hormone secreted in juxtaglomerular apparatus of the kidneys that catalyzes the conversion of angiotensinogen to angiotensin I is called ?

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Category: Urinalysis

16. Which part of the kidney is responsible for most reabsorption and secretion in the tubules ?

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Category: Urinalysis

17. Which of the following inorganic substance have the lowest concentration in a urine?  

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Category: Urinalysis

18. Where are the renal corpuscles,  proximal and distal convoluted tubules located?

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Category: Urinalysis

19. The process by which a substance from the blood is transported across the wall of the tubule into the filtrate is called ?

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Category: Urinalysis

20. A hormone made in the parathyroid glands that promote calcium reabsorption from the filtrate and excretion of phosphate ions from the blood into the filtrate is called ? 

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Category: Urinalysis

21. Which part of the nephron is the final site for water reabsorption? 

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Category: Urinalysis

22. In a healthy kidney, which of the following molecules will remain in the arterioles and will not pass through the glomerular capillary walls ? 

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Category: Urinalysis

23. Which part of the kidney collects urine from calyces for transport from the kidney to the ureter?

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Category: Urinalysis

24. Which of the following organic substance accounts for 50% of all dissolved solids in a urine? 

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Category: Urinalysis

25. Which hormone controls the reabsorption of water in distal convoluted tubules?

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Category: Urinalysis

26. Where does sodium reabsorption occur ?

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Category: Urinalysis

27. What are the two main regions of the kidneys?

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Category: Urinalysis

28. Which arteriole carries blood into the glomerulus ? 

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Category: Urinalysis

29. Which of the following inorganic substances have the highest concentration in a urine?  

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